The University Grants Commission (UGC) recently released its new list of fake universities and warned students against admission to these educational institutions. President of UGC Mr Jagadesh Kumar answered some questions about how the higher education regulator identifies and acts against these fraudulent universities. Here are the questions and answers.
What is a Fake University?
Jagadesh Kumar: To understand what a fake university is, we need to see how a university is defined in Section 2(f) of the UGC Act of 1956:
A “university” means an institute established or constituted under a central law, a provincial law or a state law, and includes any institution which may, in consultation with the university concerned, be recognized by the Commission in accordance with the regulations made on that behalf under this Act.
In addition, according to Article 22 of the UGC Act, the right to confer or grant degrees should only be exercised by a university established or incorporated under a central law, a provincial law or a state law or an institution considered a university. under section 3 or an institution specially empowered by an Act of Parliament to confer or award degrees.
Thus, no person or authority other than those who meet these criteria should confer, or grant, or present themselves as authorized to confer or grant, a degree.
“Diploma” here means any diploma having obtained the prior approval of the central government and specified by the Commission by notification in the official journal.
Any institution that is not established in accordance with the UGC law and offers degrees in violation of these terms is a bogus institution.
Q.How does UGC identify fake universities across the country?
Jagadesh Kumar: Such cases are brought to the attention of UGC through print or electronic media, upon receipt of a public or student complaint, state/union/territory referrals, local authorities and a court decision, etc.
UGC’s Anti Malpractice Cell (AMPC) has been in operation since May 30, 1996. AMPC’s goal is to fight the threat of bogus universities and diplomas. The cell deals with all issues relating to the existence/operation of fake or unrecognized universities/institutions operating in violation of the UGC law. AMPC liaises with different central/state government agencies to verify the threat of bogus and unrecognized institutions and also calls on states/union territories and local authorities to take action against these institutions for violating the UGC law and other criminal laws.
We ask the general public to contact UGC if they find an institution offering degrees in violation of UGC rules.
What does UGC do once a fake university is identified?
Jagadesh Kumar: The TOS Iissues show cause notices/warning notices to unauthorized universities issuing invalid degrees. It issues press releases and public notices containing a state list of fake universities in the country. We are also writing to Chief Secretaries of State, Secretaries of Education and Principal Secretaries to take action against bogus universities/institutions under their jurisdiction under UGC intimation.
Is there a list of fake universities that students can refer to?
Jagadesh Kumar: TThe UGC includes the name of self-proclaimed institutions that do not follow its rules in the list of fake universities. Currently, 21 fake universities/institutions are listed on the list of fake universities maintained by the UGC which is also available on the official website: https://www.ugc.ac.in/page/Fake-Universities.aspx
List by state of fake universities in July 2022
All India Institute of Public & Physical Health Sciences (AIIPHS) State Government University, Office Kh. No. 608-609, 1st Floor, Sant Kripal Singh Public Trust Building, near BDO Office, Alipur, Delhi-110036
Commercial University Ltd., Daryaganj, Delhi
United Nations University, Delhi
Vocational University, Delhi
ADR-Centric Juridical University, ADR House, 8J, Gopala Tower, 25 Rajendra Place, New Delhi – 110 008.
Indian Institute of Science and Engineering, New Delhi
Viswakarma Open University for Self-Employment, Rozgar Sewasadan, 672, Sanjay Enclave, Opp. GTK Repository, Delhi-110033
Adhyatmik Vishwavidyalaya (Spiritual University), 351-352, Phase-I, Block-A, Vijay Vihar, Rithala, Rohini, Delhi-110085
Badaganvi Sarkar World Open University Education Society, Gokak, Belgium
St. John’s University, Kishanattam
Raja Arab University, Nagpur
Indian Institute of Alternative Medicine, Kolkata
Alternative Medicine and Research Institute, 8-A, Diamond Harbor Road, Builtech Hostel, 2nd Floor, Thakurpurkur, Kolkata
Gandhi Hindi Vidyapith, Prayag, Allahabad
National University of Electro-Complex Homeopathy, Kanpur
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose University (Open University), Achaltal, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh
Bhartiya Shiksha Parishad, Bharat Bhawan, Matiyari Chinhat, Faizabad Road, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Nababharat Shiksha Parishad, Anupoorna Bhawan, Plot No. 242, Pani Tanki Road, Shaktinagar, Rourkela
Orissa North University of Agriculture and Technology
Sree Bodhi Academy of Higher Education, No. 186, Thilaspet, Vazhuthavoor Road
Christ New Testament Deemed University, #32-32-2003, 7th Lane, Kakumanuvarithoto, Guntur;
Another address of Christ New Testament Deemed University, Fit No. 301, Grace Villa Apts., 7/5, Srinagar, Guntur